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A Unique Way of Winemaking

Georgians practice an exclusive way of wine-making. The wine is made in a conical clay vessel known as a Qvevri. Specifically, the wine undergoes both an extended fermentation and maturation in Qvevri; it’s a so-called Amber Wine. If entirely made according to the old tradition, whole bunches of grapes (with stalks) are run into a Satsnakheli; a wooden trough typically carved a single piece of wood.

 As proof of its cultural significance, and by principles of Convention on Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage of UNESCO, the status of National Monument of Intangible Cultural Heritage has been assigned to “The ancient Georgian tradition of Qvevri winemaking.

Georgians practice an exclusive way of wine-making. The wine is made in a conical clay vessel known as a Qvevri. Specifically, the wine undergoes both an extended fermentation and maturation in Qvevri; it’s a so-called Amber Wine. If entirely made according to the old tradition, whole bunches of grapes (with stalks) are run into a Satsnakheli; a wooden trough typically carved a single piece of wood.

 As proof of its cultural significance, and by principles of Convention on Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage of UNESCO, the status of National Monument of Intangible Cultural Heritage has been assigned to “The ancient Georgian tradition of Qvevri winemaking.

The Roots of Artana Wines

Dimitri (Tito) Rcheulishvili’s name is associated with introducing several foreign varieties of vines, including Cabernet, to Georgia.

Dimitri Rchulishvili was a successful engineer, who worked on projecting and building railway roads in Manchuria and eastern Russia. Soon after its completion, the railroad was tested by Emperor Nicholas II of Russia. He was so satisfied with the work that awarded Dimitri with a significant amount of gold. The descendants of Rcheulishvili keep an old chest, with which he sent the gold home to his beloved wife, Sasha Javakhishvili.

After returning to the homeland, Dimitri Rcheulishvili bought large pieces of land in Vazisubani, Kakheti. He built a house and a Marani (a wine cellar) with his project and became a landlord.

In the 17th century, King Vakhtang the Fifth ordered to count Karalashvilis to build the village. They honestly fulfilled the command. Karalshvilis built the defensive wall as well as the village itself.

At this time, from the town Artana located in the southern part of Georgia, which was semi-Armenian and semi-Georgian, Georgian families were transferred and settled in this area.  Settlers named the village Artana.

Simashvilis were peasants under Karalashvili family influence. A family church built by them in the 16th century still stands to this day.

Both of these families lived in the village of Artana, located at the foot of the Caucasus. They were famous in Kakheti for exceptional singing and delicious wines

Rcheulishvili’s family had a special friendship with Karalashvilis and Simashvilis Families and often visited them in village Artana. Because of this great friendship of ancestors, the descendants of Rcheulishvili family bought vineyards in Artana and started to make wine in 2007.

Today winery “Artana Wines” is owned by Akhvledianis and Gamrekelis and produces natural wines since 2014.
Dimitri Rcheulishvili's at his writing table. (July 26, 1901, Azrum)

ღvino Label History

Since ancient times Georgia has been known as a country of grapes and wine. The majority of linguists agree that semantic of the word “wine” is rooted from Kartvelian languages. The root “ღ” -( ghv) from word GHVINO (wine) is purely Georgian and is found in many Georgian words from ancient times to the modern period. In other languages: Kartvelian “GHVINO” vino, vin, wine, вино, etc.