Georgia – The Homeland of Wine
The latest Archaeological founding has proved that Qvevri was the first vessel ever to be used for Winemaking. As evidenced by recent Archaeological discoveries of Grape Pips Georgia has an 8,000-year History of continuous Winemaking tradition. It’s been a long time since people began to talk about Georgia as the Homeland of Wine Civilization.
The earliest traces of viticulture and cultivated wine, which date back to the 6th-5th Millennia B.C. were found in the ancient Neolithic settlement-Shulaveri Gora. In the neighborhood of that territory archaeologists found the remains of cultivated wheat and legumes, agricultural tools and pottery, proving that in the Neolithic period, the inhabited humans developed agrarian activities including cereal growing and viticulture.
Ancient clay vessels were discovered in the same area that could have been the precursor to the Qvevri.
Qvevri, a large clay vessel that still to this day is used for the fermentation, storage, and aging of traditional Georgian wine. They are usually buried below the ground or set into the floors of extensive wine cellars. Georgians consider it to be the essential attribute of their cultural identity.
Knowledge and experience of winemaking are passed down through generations informally with direct involvement in the processes the family, neighbors, friends, and relatives all join in harvesting and winemaking. Qvevri wine as a foundation of cultural identity.
Traditional Georgian Qvevri Wine has Amber, slightly orange color. This Wines are characterized by dry, medium or high acidity, high tannin, full-bodied, medium or high alcohol content.
Through the ages up until today, some Winemakers in Georgia have made Wine in
Qvevri. They, who use Qvevri claim that their Wine is stable by nature, rich in Tannins and that it does not require chemical preservatives to ensure long life and superior taste. This method is unique among the World’s Winemaking Methods.